In the XVI century, thanks to the Spanish explorer Ponce de Leon, oranges appeared in American Florida, and this tree reached California only in the XVIII century, not without the help of Spanish missionaries.
Do you know how these fruits grow?
The orange tree is a small evergreen plant that grows up to 5-8 meters. Today, more than 600 varieties of this crop are known. They are divided into sweet and bitter varieties.
Bitter oranges are more often used for making jams, marmalades, and their zest is used for making liqueurs.
Sweet oranges first appeared in Europe in the XV century. Then this exotic fruit was brought from the Middle East by Moorish, Portuguese and Italian traders. Around the same time, Christopher Columbus planted the first orange tree in the Caribbean Islands.
that oranges originated around 4000 BC in Southeast Asia, and from there spread to India, and then to other regions of the planet with acceptable climatic conditions. But even those first oranges were not "wild".
Biologists claim that such a fruit does not
exist in the wild. Perhaps the "wild" "parents"
of orange citrus are pomelo (or as it is called "Chinese grapefruit") and mandarin. By the way, until 1542 this new fruit lived, so to speak, without a name. And only in the XVI century was the name "orange" coined.